With failure not an option, the selection of the appropriate High Power Amplifier (HPA) for aerospace applications warrants consideration of several key factors. HPAs must be able to generate high power levels while maintaining efficiency and reliability, even in harsh environments.
RF and Microwave Mixers play a crucial role in altering signal frequencies within radio frequency (RF) and microwave communication systems. They are essential in various applications, including signal modulation, RF signal demodulation, and frequency conversion in up/down converters.
To optimize system performance, it’s important to understand their key performance metrics and why they matter. Among those are conversion loss and conversion gain.
The Role of a Mixer
The challenges in aerospace technology development are excellent fuel for innovation. For the ERZIA team, it was the strict standard for assembly processes, established by the European Space Agency (ESA), that generated a new method for solving the long-standing problem of QFN thermal cycling.
In a recent Tech Brief published by ERZIA, we explore the various advantages offered to microwave circuit and assembly designers by air cavity based, suspended substrate stripline filters (SSSFs).
There are several methods for making noise figure (NF) measurements of RF, microwave, and millimeter-wave low noise amplifiers (LNAs), each with a wide number of options, instruments, and techniques. In a recent Tech Brief, Erzia reviews how we came up with an approach using standard laboratory equipment that can easily be followed by trained personnel working at higher frequencies to obtain optimal NF data.
The traditional approach to delivering hardware to be installed in satellites and space probes is driven by extensive design, analysis, and testing phases, with long-term delivery times and budgets, which can be tens or hundreds of times bigger than their equivalent for commercial and terrestrial applications. These extensive deliveries and larger budgets are justified by the expectation of the hardware to survive and operate in the extremes of the space environment, without any possibility of reparation or replacement.
Spectrometers employing acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) are rapidly gaining popularity in space, and in particular on interplanetary missions. According to a paper published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information, “they allow for reducing volume, mass, and complexity of the instrumentation and are used for analyzing ocean color, greenhouse gases, atmospheres of Mars and Venus, and for lunar mineralogy. The AOTFs are used in point (pencil-beam) spectrometers for selecting echelle diffraction orders, or in hyper-spectral imagers and microscopes.”
Quality is a Way of Life: ERZIA Renews ISO9001 and EN9100 Quality Certifications